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Cyber Crimes – an Overview and the Measures

Information Technology solutions have paved a way to a new world of internet, business networking and e-banking, budding as a solution to reduce costs, change the sophisticated economic affairs to more easier, speedy, efficient, and time saving method of transactions. Internet has emerged as a blessing for the present pace of life but at the same time also resulted in various threats to the consumers and other institutions for which it’s proved to be most beneficial. Various criminals like hackers, crackers have been able to pave their way to interfere with the internet accounts through various techniques like hacking the Domain Name Server (DNS), Internet Provider’s (IP) address, spoofing, phishing, internet phishing etc. and have been successful in gaining “unauthorized access” to the user’s computer system and stolen useful data to gain huge profits from customer’s accounts.

Intentional use of information technology by cyber terrorists for producing destructive and harmful effects to tangible and intangible property of others is called “cyber crime”. Cyber crime is clearly an international problem with no national boundaries. Hacking attacks can be launched from any corner of the world without any fear of being traced or prosecuted easily. Cyber terrorist can collapse the economic structure of a country from a place where that country might not have any arrangements like “extradition treaty” to deal with that criminal. The only safeguard would be better technology to combat such technology already evolved and known to the Hackers. But that still has threat of being taken over by the intellect computer criminals.
This paper contributes an understanding of the effects of negative use of Information technology, and how far the present law in India is successful in dealing with the issue, and what way is the legal structure lagging to curb the crime. Possible changes needed in the system and the ways to combat cyber terrorism having safe and trustworthy transactions.
Though there are many techniques evolved to curb the criminal activities by cyber terrorists but still the problem persists in legal structure and has failed to produce a deterring effect on the criminals. If the suggestions are undertaken in light of conclusion there can be a better co-ordination among various national and international agencies to make the system more efficient, and Information Technology Act 2000 more secured and trustworthy. It can still be held good for the objects it had existed to provide the benefits to the society. This paper is contributive of the fact that the till the crime rate is not curbed technology cannot produce adequate benefits for which it’s been created.
2. What Is Cyber Crime?
Cyber terrorists usually use the computer as a tool, target, or both for their unlawful act either to gain information which can result in heavy loss/damage to the owner of that intangible sensitive information. Internet is one of the means by which the offenders can gain such price sensitive information of companies, firms, individuals, banks, intellectual property crimes (such as stealing new product plans, its description, market programme plans, list of customers etc.), selling illegal articles, pornography etc. this is done through many methods such as phishing, spoofing, pharming, internet phising, wire transfer etc. and use it to their own advantage without the consent of the individual.
Many banks, financial institutions, investment houses, brokering firms etc. are being victimised and threatened by the cyber terrorists to pay extortion money to keep their sensitive information intact to avoid huge damages. And it’s been reported that many institutions in US, Britain and Europe have secretly paid them to prevent huge meltdown or collapse of confidence among their consumers.
2.2. Emergence Of Information Technology Act, 2000.
In India, the Information Technology Act 2000 was enacted after the United Nation General Assembly Resolution A/RES/51/162, dated the 30th January, 1997 by adopting the Model Law on Electronic Commerce adopted by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law. This was the first step towards the Law relating to e-commerce at international level to regulate an alternative form of commerce and to give legal status in the area of e-commerce. It was enacted taking into consideration UNICITRAL model of Law on e- commerce 1996.
3. Some Noteworthy Provisions Under The Information Technology Act, 2000.

Sec.43

Damage to Computer system etc.
Compensation for Rupees 1crore.

Sec.66

Hacking (with intent or knowledge)
Fine of 2 lakh rupees, and imprisonment for 3 years.

Sec.67

Publication of obscene material in e-form
Fine of 1 lakh rupees, and imprisonment of 5years, and double conviction on second offence

Sec.68
Not complying with directions of controller
Fine upto 2 lakh and imprisonment of 3 years.

Sec.70
attempting or securing access to computer
Imprisonment upto 10 years.

Sec.72
For breaking confidentiality of the information of computer
Fine upto 1 lakh and imprisonment upto 2 years

Sec.73
Publishing false digital signatures, false in certain particulars
Fine of 1 lakh, or imprisonment of 2 years or both.

Sec.74
Publication of Digital Signatures for fraudulent purpose.
Imprisonment for the term of 2 years and fine for 1 lakh rupees.

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